On Monday, October 4th, the meeting of the Foresight Council Secretariat of the Academy was held. The meeting was chaired by Prof. Moztarzadeh, and the attendees included Dr. Maknoon, Dr. Bahrami, Dr. Kazempour, Dr. Kord, Dr. Hosseini Moghaddam, Dr. Alidoosti, Mr. Omidian, Ms. Babaeenasir, Ms. Fathi and Ms. Arab Yazdi. 

 

At the beginning, Dr. Hosseini Moghaddam presented a report on the frameworks related to the study of the state of science in Iran. He stated that in the world experience, science was first defined, and then based on that definition, indicators related to its assessment were presented.  Reviewing global experience, Dr. Hosseini Moghaddam, pointed out that the common feature of these definitions is the emphasis placed on the value chain in science. He added, “To put it more clearly, science becomes meaningful in a cycle of interaction with other inputs and outputs. In this cycle, scientists and experts provide scientific services in interaction with other direct and indirect stakeholders of the institution of science, including governmental and non-governmental sectors, representatives of society, industry and business”.

 

In this meeting, the experiences of international reference organizations such as the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, UNESCO, World Health Organization, and the International Development Bank were mentioned in compiling and presenting indicators of scientific status. It was also mentioned that different types of international indicators have been presented to measure the state of science. Some of these indicators are universal and some are rooted in the territorial requirements of each society. The experiences of other countries in setting up national science observation centers were also noted. It was also stated that until now, international guidelines such as Frascati, Oslo, Lima, Lesvos and Santiago manuals have been prepared for collecting and publishing statistics on science and for measuring the internationalization of science.

 

As a result, the study of the state of science in Iran should be seen and understood in the framework of a network of structures and agents influencing this process. In the network, the main activities of science including: learning-teaching, research, providing financial resources, social participation and commercialization of science services are considered among the main activities. There are a range of actors in this network including: students, graduates, government, researchers, industrialists and communities that are present in a society. In this network, one of the core values ​​is that the institution of science acts as the conscience of society and experiences continuous criticisms in the way of improving the society.

 

The meeting continued with discussion on the agenda of the third meeting of the Foresight Council and the process of continuing the activities of the Council.

 

 

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