On Thursday, August 25, Prof. Hassan Tadjbakhsh, fellow of the Academy, presented a lecture in the Seminar on the Classes of Iranian Physicians- Age of Translation held in the Academy of Medical Sciences. The attendees included a number of professors and experts of the Iranian universities.

In his lecture, Prof. Tadjbakhsh stated that the translation movement started at the end of the second century and continued in the third and the fourth century AH. This movement has resulted in the establishment and growth of medicine in the present world. In that era, texts and articles on medicine and other sciences and also philosophy (inheritance of the Academy of Gundishapur) written in Pahlavi, Syriac and Greek languages were translated into Arabic by skilful translators. This process led to the establishment of the House of Wisdom. He also mentioned that if these works had not been translated, they would have vanished. Afterwards, Muslims compiled important works such as Firdaws al-hikma by Ali ibn Rabban al-Tabari, Al-Hawi fi tebb by Moḥammad bin Zakariyāʾ Rāzi, and Avicenna's books. Then medicine was divided into Persian, Andalusian and other branches.

In that time, Prof. Tajbakhsh added, the Baghdad Library contained 400,000 items, Shahpour's Library in Baghdad held 10,000 books, and Ghahere Library housed 1,000,000 works. These books became popular by being translated into Arabic. He noted that the translation movement continued with the translation of the texts from Arabic to Latin. This in turn resulted in the growth of medicine in Europe, which was based on Muslim's resources for some centuries.



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